European Internal Market Commissioner Thierry Breton says: “don’t send me your lobbies”

Thierry Breton, European Commissioner for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs, is very clear about the direction that European Union (EU) regulation on internet companies should take.

Strategy is based on 4 pillars: a Data Governance Act, a Digital Services Act, to be unveiled in early December and update the 2000 e-Commerce directive, a Digital Markets Act and the 2019 Cybersecurity Act, he told the AAPA at a virtual meeting on Friday, 13 November. With decades of experience running high tech companies including France Telecom (now Orange), Breton candidly acknowledges he is the man for the job.

He recently talked with Sundar Pichai, CEO of Google and its parent company Alphabet, and reiterated his message: that internet companies are welcome in the EU, as long as they respect the regulations. For the future, that means no more cherrypicking, such as preferential tax regimes in countries such as Ireland and the Netherlands, he said.

Joe Biden’s election as US president “doesn’t change anything” to the perspective for the transatlantic partnership and alliance, he said. Democracy in the divided US, where power is shared between the House of Representatives and the Senate, is a bit like that in Brussels, where power is shared between the European Parliament and Council, which represents member States.

Breton has no qualms about Biden recruiting high tech experts to his team of advisors, as the EU itself has done in his case. The only proviso is that they have “zero links with their previous jobs.”

He tells companies “don’t send me your lobbies” that are even more numerous in Brussels than Washington. “I don’t need them. I say ‘just pick up the phone and call me’. My door is always open.” Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg has taken up the opportunity “many times” to discuss fake news and other issues.

Breton says his technique is to explain rather than to lecture, and that he is not against any company or country. He has been “favourably impressed” by the involvement of Internet firms’ CEOs in tackling fake news. “Discussions with most of them have been very positive.” Anonymity of participants should be preserved, but compliance on what can or cannot be said or shown must be enforced.

This will be one of the tasks of a future joint European board that will bring together all the national regulators. Member States will select one of them to do the work in the face of data that doubles in volume every 18 months or so.

Pierre Tran’s article: https://sldinfo.com/2020/11/the-european-defence-fund-and-european-defence-the-perspective-of-the-eu-commissioner-for-the-internal-market/


Whither the bistro après-Covid? A French chef responds

Alain Fontaine, bistrotier and bon vivant who operates in the beating heart of Paris, honored AAPA with a meeting on June 25.

Besides his toque, Fontaine wears two other hats: he is president of the Association Française des Maîtres Restaurateurs -- essentially chefs who insist on preparing all meals on site from fresh, raw ingredients -- and he is spearheading a drive to win UNESCO recognition of the French bistro and café as intangible cultural heritage.

So who better to discuss the terrible blow his sector suffered during the coronavirus lockdown and its hopes and fears for the future? Bistros and cafes were in steady and alarming decline before the pandemic -- dropping from 200,000 at the beginning of the 20th century to a little over 50,000 after World War II to 25,000 today -- and Fontaine held out little hope for a miraculous turnaround.

But the ebullient chef dismissed dire predictions that up to 40 percent of the businesses would not survive the crisis, saying many would simply change hands, for better or worse. Even if the numbers continue to dwindle, Fontaine is sanguine about the bistro's longevity, as an “anchor” of France's art de vivre.--
-Gina Doggett


Green candidate aiming to become Paris' next mayor pledges major environmental and social programs

Despite other pressing news, just under a dozen members met with the candidate, David Belliard, who in a Hotel de Ville annex today came across as determined to transform the city by blocking sprawling urban-commercial complexes, backed by Mayor Anne Hildago seeking re-election in the nation's March 15-22 municipal elections.

His broader goal, he said repeatedly, is to transform such projects that range from building a large park with woods in the 12th arrondissement to re-opening the left-bank Bievre river that now runs underground into the Seine.

In just over an hour, he evoked in greater detail most of his party's objecteives previously expressed on the campaign trail – reducing if not eliminating the power of private lobbies in citywide infrastructure and transport projects ; pressing for closer cooperation with neighborning regional bodies, largely ignored, he charged, by Hildago's administration, but above all pursing a « greener » Paris via expanded parks in conjunction with an acceleration of low-income, « social » housing, while halting where possible the alleged Hildago preference for concrete.

Summing up for a radio piece afterward, Eleanor Beardsley said that what struck her most was Belliard's repeated call for drastic change. « With 42-degree summers now, we cannot go on as before...we cannot lie anymore ; (about climate change ) we have to drastically change, » she quoted him as saying.

---Axel Krause


Dissident Paris Mayor candidate Villani claims loyalty to Macron


Cédric Villani, mathematician and independent candidate for Paris Mayor in the March elections, began his day on February 11 by meeting with about 25 AAPA members at Bloomberg’s offices next to Opéra.

Villani outlined his programme to “open up politics” to the outside world with more direct democracy, to free Paris of pollution and incivility, and to resolve the city's housing shortage. He would foster scientific knowledge and culture, scrap two of the five layers in France’s administrative “millefeuille”, and extend the French capital beyond the périphérique.

Despite his policy divergence with President Emmanuel Macron and expulsion from the ruling LREM party, Villani denied there had been a “separation” or “rupture”, and insisted he remains loyal to the party’s principles and promises. He dismissed the suggestion that his refusal to back official LREM candidate Benjamin Griveaux in the election would end in defeat for them both. The two campaigns are different, and so is the profile of their supporters, he said.

He declined to put a number on the “many” spider brooches he owns, and was clearly pleased that an Iranian research team has named a spider after him. Villani’s election programme is available online at: https://www.cedricvillani.paris/


Benjamin Griveaux unveils his project for Paris

In just a decade from now, the Gare du Nord and the Gare de l’Est will no longer be able to cope with traffic from Strasbourg, Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands, Benjamin Griveaux, candidate of La République en Marche for mayor of Paris, told the Anglo-American Press Association on January 30th.
If he is elected, Griveaux wants to build a new metropolitan train station at the northeastern edge of Paris, either at La Villette or in the suburb of Noisy. He says the project would take ten years and cost euros 1.5 billion.
Griveaux would “return to nature” 74 acres of disused railway tracks, endowing the residents of Paris’s most densely populated districts with a New York-style Central Park.
Other ideas proposed by Griveaux were: creating port facilities on the Seine so that businesses could deliver goods by boat; developing teleworking to reduce traffic and greenhouse emissions; offering a euros 2,000 bonus to motorcyclists who switch to electrical vehicles; increasing the frequency of buses into the city from parking lots at the periphery, and fighting the housing crisis by helping landlords to renovate vacant apartments to legal standards.
“Up to ten per cent of apartments in some Paris districts have no running water, no showers or toilets, except on the landing,” Griveaux said. It was also incredible, he said, that Paris has no traffic police.
Griveaux said the independent candidacy of Cédric Villani, who like him is a deputy in the National Assembly for La République en Marche, is “an ego thing”. Villani has refused all contact with him. “One can be a mathematician and make wrong calculations,” he said.
It is too late to change the voting system for the upcoming March 15th and 22nd municipal elections, Griveaux said. In Paris, the municipal poll is in fact 17 different elections, with four central Paris districts in one group, plus 16 others electing city councillors, who then elect the mayor. Griveaux said the present system poses a danger comparable to the US presidential election, which enabled Donald Trump to became president despite losing the popular vote.


AXA CEO Tells AAPA: Climate Change, healthcare Costs are Top Priorities


AXA CEO Thomas Buberl invited the AAPA to lunch at the company's headquarters around the corner from the Elysee Palace on January 10 for a broad on-the-record discussion dominated by the themes of instability and climate change.

Buberl, who was appointed as the third CEO of the French-headquartered international financial services company, said he believes the US-China trade war and climate change are the hallmarks of geo-political instability, adding,“I have always seen instability as a source of great potential for AXA to serve their customers better. More instability means more necessity for awareness of risks, but also more and different solutions to reduce risks.”

He also indicated he was concerned about the rise of populism and political fragmentation, Europe’s inconclusive efforts to define its role in the world, and by soaring healthcare costs and threats to cybersecurity.

Expecting interest rates to remain low for the foreseeable future, Buberl has lowered the portion of life insurance and savings in the company's portfolio from 80% to 20%.

AXA has made climate change a top priority: it is one of the first big companies to start divesting from coal and has met its pledge to raise green investments to €12 billion by 2020.


Air France-KLM boss Ben Smith talks planes, unions and greenhouse gas with the AAPA

Long lunches, long holidays, and myriad trades unions were all part of the steep learning curve facing Canadian Ben Smith when he took the helm of Air France-KLM in 2018, the affable 48-year-old told the Anglo-American Press Association.

And he had to work hard on his French, he said during a wide-ranging discussion held in the offices of Bloomberg near the Paris Opera on Friday 17 January, as a lengthy strike in France against pension reform was slowly fizzling out.

When Smith became the airline's CEO, a pilots’ strike had just cost the company €335 million. But during the latest anti-reform work stoppages nationwide, not a single Air France flight was cancelled due to a strike by airline staff, although some were affected by air traffic control industrial action, he noted.
Greta Thunberg, greenhouse gas emissions and how to lower them, labour deals, the troubled Boeing 737 Max, Airbus, Transavia, and the €120 million Air France spends to finance its comité d’entreprise, were among the many topics touched upon in the meeting with the AAPA


Macron's diplomatic advisor outlines presidential foreign policy

NATO, Trump, Brexit, Russia, trade, EU reform, European strategic sovereignty: Emmanuel Macron's diplomatic advisor provided AAPA members with insights on the French president's foreign policy thinking.
The meeting on December 17 was an off-the-record briefing provided by Emmanuel Bonne on how the centrist president is seeking to position France as he enters the second half of his five-year mandate.


Fashion's Commitment to Sustainability: Kering CSO Speaks to the AAPA

Kering's Chief Sustainability Officer and Head of International Institutional Affairs, Marie-Claire Daveu, hosted the AAPA at a morning coffee on December 3 at Kering's headquarters on the rue de Sèvres in a historic building that -- until 2000 -- housed the Laennec hospital.

Kering was appointed by French president Emmanuel Macron to head the country's effort to make fashion more sustainable. It led the company to create its 2025 strategy – the deadline year by which Kering will aim to reduce its environmental footprint by 40% and its greenhouse gas emissions by 50%, and to put into effect full traceability of its raw material sourcing. Daveu also pointed out that already 67% of the energy used throughout the Kering company is created from sustainable sources.

In an effort to extend the fashion industry's commitment to sustainability beyond the luxury niche and in the long term, Kering recently created a G7 Fashion Pact, to which 56 companies in the G7 have already committed.

And, as an unintentional follow-up to the AAPA's Climate Change and Mass Migration panel discussion held November 28 at the OECD, she mentioned Kering's recognition of the link between these two phenomena, which are crucial social concerns today.


Muslim and Jewish «best friends » bring women together to fight anti-Semitism and racism

On November 12th The Anglo American Press Association had a meeting and conversation with Samia Essabaa and Suzanne Nakache, the Muslim and Jewish founders of Langage de Femmes, a multi-confessional, intergenerational group of women fighting racism and anti-Semitism in France.
France has Europe’s largest Muslim and Jewish populations and hate crimes have grown in recent years.
But Essabaa and Nakache spoke of how their group is able to break down barriers between communities and increase understanding, by allowing women to focus on issues that unite them.
The group comes together over movies, plays, dinners and events at synagogues and mosques.
And every year they take a group of diverse women to Auschwitz to show where hatred of “the other” can lead.
-Eleanor Beardsley